The most useful component of Basil is the essential oil. These oils have been attributed to all the beneficial properties of Basil. There are 4 major varieties of Basil used worldwide.
This report will focus on sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) and Holy basil (Ocimum sanctum).
Features and Benefits (based on home remedies) of Basil
Major constituents were α-terpineol (59.78%) and β-caryophyllene (10.54%) for Ocimum basilicum. Other essential oils present are linalool, eugenol, methyl eugenol, 1, 8-cineole, estragole and many others.
- Oils are insecticidal
- Basil tea used as diuretic
- Leaves used as digestive, carminative (anti-bloating)
- Used for prevention of peptic ulcers
- Anthelmintic –rids the body of intestinal parasites
- Used to alleviate symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. Relieve cough and cold symptoms. Also, when used in winters, said to prevent colds and flu
- When crushed fresh leaves are applied on skin, basil is said to diminish acne and other skin problems related to adolescent years
- Fresh leaves for fresh breath, better than chewing gum
- Increases defense systems of body
- Routinely used to manage arthritis pain and swelling
- Manage headaches and migraines
- Drops of basil leaf juice can relieve earaches
- Stress relief
- Treat stings and bites, has the ability to pull out venom from the body
- Detoxification of the body
- Chewing on basil when hungry will suppress appetite, hence used by some as a dieting tool
- Burn up some basil on your barbeque, before placing food. This will help sanitize the barbeque and keep insects away.